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The following book news shows how transculturalism already is presented as a pop phenomenon. We see ofcourse the interest in science also growing. Interesting though how science and pop culture have some strong disagreements on how to use the word transculturalism:
Transculturalism: How the World Is Coming Together
the release date was January 1, 2004 | ISBN-10: 1576872181 | ISBN-13: 978-1576872185. Amazon.com describes it as such:
Transculturalism goes beyond race, religion, sexuality, class, and every sort of classification known to sociologists and marketers. Transculturalists lead lives some may consider unusual. They often think, consume, date, or marry outside of their race, religion, or nationality. They travel on a whim to a faraway lands, dress unconventionally and codify their own styles. They live in areas their parents were once barred from and take jobs previously considered outside of their leagues. They are comfortable listening to, creating, and criticizing music outside of their original cultures and often display high levels of creativity in various progressive disciplines. Some call transculturalists heretics; many call them the future.
Transculturalism: How the World Is Coming Together features contributions from such transculturalist visionaries as photographers Jamel Shabazz, Larry Clark, and Ellen von Unwerth; writers Alix Sharkey, Stephen Greco, and Anicee Gaddis; and includes profiles of celebrity transculturalists Alicia Keys, Rosario Dawson, and Tiffany Limos.
The Author is Claude Grunitzky, the Chairman and Editor-in-Chief of TRACE magazine, has unparalleled experience in pubishing a magazine and creating youth-oriented marketing programs on both sides of the Atlantic. TRACE magazine, based in New York City and printed in Italy, relies on satellite offices in London and Paris, as well as on a global network of first-rate writers and photographers for the production of a universally praised bimonthly lifestyle magazine which has become the hip cosmopolitan reader’s bible of new ideas. TRACE fuses aggressive reporting, arresting visuals, and savvy promotion to support an editorial vision that is unafraid to question the most trendy breakthroughs in global youth culture. Last year, Grunitzky and his business partners completed a multimillion dollar financing led by the Goldman Sachs Group. As a result, the TRACE brand is now being leveraged globally across various magazine and television platforms, with various editions of TRACE around the world. In April 2002, Grunitzky and business partner Richard Wayner launched TRUE Agency, a specialized advertising and marketing shop partnered with Omnicom’s TBWA\Chiat\Day, which became the African-American agency of record for Nissan in July 2002, with 2003 billings estimated at more than $22 million.
Why is this published in our news: the continuity of its presence makes it for other cultures newsworthy. Contacts with the American Indian Movement complain about such productions as colonialism of the mind. compare the review for instance with:
Transculturalism – A New Vision Of Culture And Its Management
author Gebhard Deissler, GRIN Verlag, 2013 - 164 pagina’s
Anthology from the year 2010 in the subject Business economics – Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: -, -, course: Intercultural Management, language: English, comment: Collected Essays, abstract: Transculturalism is the complementary aspect of interculturalism. Both together provide a more complete picture of culture and thereby enhance its management. While the intercultural approach represents the past, the transcultural approach represents the future. At their convergence point they synergize as the living presence of culture to respond effectively to the cultural challenges of our time.
Anthropology of transculturalism: understanding context & diversity in health care, authored byAntonio J. Montalvan at Capitol University Press, 2006 - 244 pagina’s, but with no reference on background or content in sales pages….
Policy on herbal medicines are a hot item in the European Union. Everybody should know that TCM herbs are high on the PRC export wishlist because of its tax income revenues. The current TCM herb production and sales scheme is counter intuitive towards the way herbs are approached in CM over the last millennia. All great medicine masters took to herbs and minerals as a last resort, while emphasizing food and dieting practice for gradual influence of health. Herbs were also to be grown under particular conditions and its industrialization skews that approach at the expense of quality and commitment towards a more laboratory approach, favoring modern pill making approaches that undo almost all of the important aspects of herbal medicine such as the qualities of natural taste and flavor. As a result consumers in need for natural approaches are facing a continuous batter of misinformation. EU policy for herbal medicines import from Asia or anywhere in the world also is strict enough to confront herbal producers and sellers. The belief in natural medicine keeps for many the eyes closed on actual reality. iOC Academy of health certainly is not a skeptic towards herbs but actually beliefs that herbs should be taken within the context of their own theory and original production cycle, which ofcourse and unfortunately would make herbs to sparse to actually export and put responsibility on westerners who like the Chinese medicine approach to develop their own production cycle.
A few years ago PRC authorities were very happy with the sales contract for patent medicines with the French government. A few years ago in a secret meeting with top officials in Beijing I was asked my ideas on the EU regulations. My opinion was and will be always that CM should go back to its natural approach of food first and medication as a last resort. In that case they do not need the predicate medicine on their products and many regulations do not apply. It is pride that is in the way. Ofcourse this idea was not appreciated, and this lack of appreciation is costing dearly.
New quality and safety rules may stifle sales prospects of TCM in the European market, as Zhang Chunyan reports in London. In London’s Chinatown, a poster in Chinese urges customers to stock up on traditional and other patent Chinese medicines before an impending ban on patented TCM products from next year.
At TCM clinics in London, patients still keep trickling in for acupuncture and massage services. However, there is a lull in demand for various Chinese herbal and patent medications because customers seem to be wary of the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency’s forthcoming decision.
Therein lies the twist in the tale. Just as traditional Chinese medicine makes waves in the UK and the rest of Europe with alternative therapies such as acupuncture and massage, it finds itself being denied market access for medications. Traditional Chinese medicine, which has evolved over the last 200o years from a witchcraft skill with curses and prayers towards a full grown industry, currently relies largely on patented and herbal medications to prevent and help the human body fight ailments, and treatments to relieve pain and restore balance in the body. According to the proposal the MHRA floated on July 9, the sale of all unlicensed manufactured herbal medicinal products will be halted in the UK from next year. The MHRA is a British government agency that is responsible for ensuring that medicines and medical devices used in the UK are safe.
The proposal is not targeted specifically at TCM. Andrea Farmer, MHRA’s herbal policy manager, says: “The decision was taken on the basis of the Traditional Herbal Medicinal Products Directive, incorporated by the EU in 2004, which stipulates that all the manufactured herbal medicines in the EU market should have a suitable product license.” This licence is not the same when produced in the EU.
The directive also introduced the so-called simplified registration procedure with a seven-year transition period for traditional herbal medicinal products to be licensed, including Chinese and Indian traditional medicines.
That period ended in April 2011. After that, the MHRA allowed products that were lawfully in the market before April 2011 to continue being sold, so retail businesses holding huge inventories were not unduly affected. Many production houses did not go through the regulatory testing due to the high costs of this testing (much going to the intermediaries!).
Although the regulator is yet to finalize its proposals and is still studying the various responses, TCM practitioners hope that a favorable decision will help rejuvenate it in Europe. But the real problem as most experts say is TCM’s difficulties in getting licensed in the UK and Europe.
A decade ago, China was becoming better known globally and demand for its products was at its peak. “It was a golden period. TCM was enjoying a surge of popularity in the UK and there were more than 2,000 clinics,” says Man Fong Mei, chairman of the Chinese Medical Council UK and president of London-based Mei’s Group, which operates a series of herbal clinics and TCM shops across the UK. In the Netherlands we see a similar peaking which now due to the economic crisis is leveling off. Most clinics have fired their staff and are in the process of lowering their prices. In our own backgarden we are proposing already for years a more tight organization of prices and clinics towards a real CM healthcare system. That way it is easy to deal with regulation and organization, financing staff etc, while keeping concerned with the needs of clients. Right now it is to much based on free enterprise principels, which are harming the clients.
Mr Mei, in his 60s, has witnessed first-hand the ups and downs of the TCM industry in the UK: “TCM practitioners earlier faced rough weather first because there were some concerns that TCM would result in kidney and liver failure. However, those doubts were redressed after the European Union implemented the Traditional Herbal Medicinal Products Directive in 2004,” he says. Since TCM is developed through empirical testing and refinement of herbal mixtures and relies mostly on clinical experience, it is often viewed with mistrust in the West, he says.
Bo-ying Ma, president of the Federation of TCM UK, says the 2008 economic crisis nearly crippled the TCM industry. “Several TCM clinics and herbal chains had to shutter operations because of economic problems. “Chinese medicine has also not been included in the UK’s medical insurance system. As a result, British people whose incomes have fallen are reluctant to buy Chinese medicines.”
The latest proposal will act as a knockout blow to the industry, Mei says. “According to my estimates, there are only 1,000 TCM clinics in the UK now. Most of them may find the going even more tough, especially as they try to cope up with the new standards, registration norms and so on.”
Typically a TCM business consists of three parts, acupuncture and associated treatments, herbal medicines and industrially manufactured herbal products. The correction they need ofcourse is towards what we call the iOC-Daoland model, something that actually differs from the current regular healthcare system. Here the emphasis is not on dispersing medication but on teaching. CM is a self-experiencing based system with a language reflecting self-experience and not a particle based physics that requires a highly specialized language. Therefore it is best suited to make people more independent in taking care of themselves. Moreover, many ingredient qualities intended in herbal medicine can be easily found in their own kitchen too, similar like this happens in China itself. This generates a safety net that prevents the collapse of Chinese medicine development in the EU and helps to create a new authenticity and reliability as an independent true healthcare system that can be self-regulating.
If the MHRA proposal is implemented from next year, it will not affect the sales of loose or individual herbs and other self-made products. But TCM practitioners will be in a fix, Mei says, because they can no longer prescribe industry based commercialized patent medicine. “More than 40 per cent of our patients take TCM capsules. If this regulation is implemented, then that section will lose access to their medication. “A lot of the patients are frequent travelers and find it convenient to carry the medicines with them.” Mei says that although several TCM companies had attempted to complete the registration process, they failed to do so because they did not have the documents and money needed. “TCM companies want to be licensed in Europe and the UK. But things are not that easy.”
A big area of concern for most TCM companies is the mandatory stability studies for end products. Mei says that while these studies are possible for single ingredients or herbs, it is not easy for multi-herbal products. Ofcourse there is a general discrepancy between biomedicine testing and herbal testing that is not addressed in the regulatory testing. This is the result of non-emancipatory knowledge cultures of the EU advisories and local governments.
“TCM companies also need to conduct toxicology tests to get a license. All the necessary tests and arrangements will cost upwards of 1 million pounds ($1.6 million) – and that too for just one TCM product.” Mei, who is also a participant in the MHRA consultations as a stakeholder, says that “although some companies have the money and means to get the stipulated tests done, it is often difficult to satisfy Western authorities on the stability and toxicology test results”.
The EU directive was originally drafted in 2004 by MHRA and then proposed to the European Parliament, he says.
The directive stipulates that applicants must provide documents showing the product is not harmful in the specified way it is used, as well as evidence that the product has a 30-year safety record, including 15 years in the EU. Although as a principle CM dates back millennia (patent medicines are often newly created and thus not that old), TCM did not enter the EU market until the mid-1990s. Even then, TCM drugs were largely sold to EU customers as food supplements, rather than as drugs.
Chinese drug makers and importers did not preserve the customs papers from a decade ago, and are thus unable to prove the 15-year use record in European markets.
Robert Verkerk, founder of Alliance for Natural Health, an international campaign working in the natural health field, says: “In 2008, the European Commission provided a report on traditional herbal products. In its last paragraph, it indicated that the EU directive was not suitable for traditional medicine systems such as TCM.” The regulation had indicated that it would consider a new framework for traditional products if there was sufficient demand, Verkerk says. “We have been doing a lot of work with the European Parliament. We created a strong core group of 40 to 50 parliamentarians to canvass support for our cause. However, it is frustrating to note that a change of guard at the top has pushed the whole issue onto the backburner.”
However, the predicament of TCM professionals appears in stark contrast to the various government initiatives that encourage and urge them to get registered in Europe. Various government and public research institutes have frequently encouraged TCM companies and clinics to register by creating expert teams, holding national meetings and publishing EU registration handbooks, according to sources from the China Chamber of Commerce for Import & Export of Medicines and Health Products.
Although the April 30, 2011, deadline has long passed, there were no efforts on the part of the TCM industry to step up the registration process, they say. However, industry sources maintain that the relatively small sales volumes in European markets were a big disincentive for companies to spend huge amounts on product registration. In the meetings I earlier mentioned the reason for that was the enormous financial burden faced. The many companies that are scattered all over China and that each work alone cannot provide the required funds.
In 2010, China’s TCM exports to the EU were valued at 152 million pounds, accounting for 13 per cent of total TCM exports. However, Ma says, the average cost for certifying and registering a TCM consisting of six herbs is about 300,000 pounds. Ma says he has on several occasions urged TCM practitioners in the UK to jointly petition the MHRA to drop the plan. Mei says: “Personally, I think the MHRA should give us an extension of two more years so that we can sell our stocks.”
Part of the problem is that Europe is one of the toughest drug markets to break into because of the stringent rules and regulations on safety. The TCM industry and practitioners need to understand what is actually happening in both the European and UK laws that affect them, Verkerk says, adding that they also need to be proactive in trying to protect their future.
Although industrially manufactured herbal products are facing problems, TCM clinics are banking on acupuncture, massage and other treatment procedures to further expand in Europe. Nick Pahl, chief executive officer of the British Acupuncture Council, the leading self-regulatory body for the practice of traditional acupuncture in the UK, says it has been estimated that the demand for acupuncture treatment has almost doubled in the past decade to more than 4.5 million treatments every year. “This indicates that acupuncture is one of the most popular forms of treatment in the UK.
“British patients believe that acupuncture is effective and has no side-effects,” Pahl says, adding that acupuncture also falls under the British National Health Service. “The increasing research evidence base for acupuncture and the recommendations from the National Institute for Clinical Excellence, especially for lower back pain, headache and migraine have also spurred demand,” Pahl says.
“There have been several studies that have proved the effectiveness of acupuncture treatment of chronic ailments such as depressions and osteoarthritis.”
Dominique Joire, the service manager and senior practitioner at the Gateway Clinic in London, says his clinic accepts TCM referrals from general practitioners and provides acupuncture for more than 300 patients a week, mainly for long-term conditions. Body acupuncture at Gateway Clinic is used to treat problems such as musculo-skeletal pain, headaches, migraine and cancer symptoms. The work at the Amsterdam Yin Yang Poli-clinic shows a similar effect. Belief and use of acupuncture is increasing. The YYC has an added value of an exercise program that includes many forms of exercise to promote or restore health, reinvigorates the elderly and so on. Such programs lead to gradual lessening of medicine burden on clients. The larges obstacle to the success of such programs is that people have learned for over a hundred years to allow treatment dependency. What I see in clinic is that “people have become so much used to practitioners solving problems that they have forgotten how to take care of themselves. People live lives of luxury with abundant food and sleep, while our body requires a certain level of minimal intake to help it develop properly. That is what Chinese medicine has as its main message and that help modalities such as acupuncture and massage to be at their most effective”. I can add to that, that that is also what makes Chinese Medicine so cost effective. Patent medicine classifies it as the same level of costumer exploitation as Biomedicine does. No matter how helpful its presence on the market is.
Gateway Clinic is 100 per cent funded by the NHS, Dominique says. Usually the GPs send the patients to a physiotherapist and only when the physiotherapist cannot solve the problem will they be sent for acupuncture. “On average the waiting period for acupuncture treatment is about three months,” Joire says. In The Netherlands it is not so dramatic. In the YYC clinic urgency treatment waiting list usually is one day. Ofcourse that is in line with the prerogative of Chinese medicine: namely to treat when a problem still is in an early stage of development. Waiting lists persé are counter effective in Chinese medicine and should be addressed early on by improving policy for treatment. We see that clinics in different countries now are developing different strategies. If regular healthcare is satisfied or tolerant to waiting list then that is their problem. Chinese medicine should at all times aim to prevent the errors of judgment general healthcare makes. It is part of their ‘raison d’etre’.
Apart from acupuncture, massage and cupping are also becoming more popular, Pahl says. But fact is that the amount of viable clinics is going down, partly due to the enterprising nature of individual clinics. They lack mutual co-operation. Even though they have wind in their sails. Acupuncture research and studies are other areas that are gaining ground in Europe. There is already huge demand for courses that are certified by the British Acupuncture Accreditation Board. There are also universities and colleges that offer degree level courses in London and four other towns. Ofcourse it reflects the lack of trust in a healthcare that is top heavy from disadvantages.
After students complete a BAAB accredited course they can opt to join the British Acupuncture Council, which has more than 550 students on its rolls. Other countries in the EU do not give as many options. In fact, even in the Netherlands, known for its practitioner freedom, regulation is gradually tightening the options of membership of professional organizations. “That is a pity,” says I would say, “because it stifles the development of Chinese medicine as an independent alternative for regular healthcare.” Chinese medicine ethics dictates that medicine should not be business and should keep the needs of clients at heart!
Wang Mengzhen and Wang Mingjie contributed to the story. It has been adapted and added to serve the purpose of this article, namely to diversify the understanding of Chinese medicine developments. The original article can be found at http://news.asiaone.com/news/yourhealth
BY TAKESHI NISHIDE and reworked by René Goris
Japan, KYODO, NOV 27, 2013 Amsterdam dec 3 2013
The Academy of Health has opened up its official Yoga teacher program this autumn. Before the Yoga was a standard aspect of the teacher program, but upon long consideration we decided to also offer a speparate program. That makes news on Yoga also more important for us.
In our classes we often emphasize the importance of getting your historical context straight. As a former student of history of western esoterics at the university of Amsterdam proff. Wouter Hanegraaff I had this message embedded at the core of all his classes. Modern Yoga with all its benefits is a nice example of being right about that. Without being negative over the beneficial effects from practicing yoga, the problem ofcourse is that it is a rebirth of aspects Heil Gymnastcs and Acrobatics. Current yoga has had really good and over 150 years of marketing, but it has altered its practices and nature to be able to do it. Yoga is everywhere and leads to all kinds of new fads, fashions and forms of socialization. Practicing yoga on a mat has become common but was not part of yoga, particular yoga dress codes have become common, while that was not common for yoga too. Yoga nowadays is mostly practiced by women, while female yoginis were frowned upon in the past. The following is from a news item in Japan. It says that there is a “natural” convergence among yoga practitioners in Japan: Those who have practiced it primarily for slimming or health are becoming more interested in its spiritual aspects, while those who have approached it as a philosophy are more actively engaging in physical exercise, according to an experienced yoga instructor.
“When you have a dialogue with your body as a real object, you have to face yourself,” Mamoru Aizawa said. “This is an awakening. Lots of people practice Ashtanga yoga early in the morning before going to work.” Ashtanga yoga is a modern form of classical Indian yoga increasingly practiced in the United States, Europe and Japan.
Aizawa, whose yoga name is Chama, is an instructor at TOKYOYOGA, which offers a large number of classes in the capital. Following his instructions, students perform a series of poses ranging from the basic to the complex. “I feel refreshed and cannot experience it in other exercises,” a female student said. “I am able to maintain a good balance between my body and mind.”
With the yoga boom spreading, what organizers called the biggest yoga event in Asia was held in Yokohama in late September. The 10th Yogafest Yokohama offered various yoga classes, including those for children and physically disabled people.
At an outdoor class, an instructor told participants to “accept gradually continuing changes in the feel of your body,” and practitioners in another class were told, “Gaze at yourself being here” and “Don’t compare yourself with others but look into yourself.” With women driving the boom, the festival had a large number of booths selling fashionable yoga wear. Yoga is also being practiced outside of classes. For example, Enyuji, a Buddhist temple of the Tendai school in Meguro Ward, Tokyo, holds a monthly seminar called “Zen x Yoga x Ayurveda” covering Zen meditation, yoga and traditional Indian medicine. “The theme of Japanese Buddhism is harmony of the body and mind,” said Junsho Oka, deputy master of the temple. “The seminar is an extension of it. The three (Zen, yoga and ayurveda) originated from the same source and share an essence because they help (people) exercise their latent power and find themselves as they are.” According to Masayuki Ito, an associate professor at Aichi Gakuin University, who is familiar with the development of yoga over several thousand years, modern forms of yoga, such as Ashtanga, combine Western physical exercises and traditional Indian martial arts. They were given spiritual meaning while spreading in the West and brought to Japan via Britain and the U.S.
Chinese Medicine has been developing rapidly over the last few years, resulting in a billion dollar industry with much profits to be made. That need leads to scamming. The abuse of health by policy makers is one thing, but if Medical staff is on the take than that is ofcourse the worst.
A new string of scandal is developing in healthcare in China, involving both biomedicine and Chinese traditional medicine.
For instance it is found out that for economic purpose costumers in Chinese hospital receive a rehydration drip infusion with or without medication no matter if it is required. The medication does not neccesarily contribute to the solving of health problems like for instance common cold and other conditions for which people ask medication. None the less the blogg newswires of China are full of stories that medical staff are routinely giving them to up the hospital or clinic income. These messages were taken from Wechat, that was also recently presented to western audiences.
I mention more often that modern TCM education is flawed both in the west as well as in China itself due to the way of association with biomedicine. Nothing wrong about biomedicine, but it has a knowledge culture of itself that does exclude anything but itself as valid. That attitude I consider irresponsibly discriminatory and un-scientific. I also think Chinese medicine does itself bad service by not validating its own treasures as they ought to be valued.
There are though two scandals that are brewing which will have far reaching effects but should be standard teaching material when discussing Chinese medicine in training centers.
One scandal is about the cultivation of herbs. This has so much become industrialized that herbs are not by far given the time to develop the qualities they ought to develop before allowed to be harvested. Many herbs need a three year or longer growth cycle before developing their properties. But for commercial purposes they are treated like how we treat chicken en cow for consumption in Europe: They are over fertellized and harvested within a year. selling them is because of that a scam, since they lack the proper qualities to be effective enough as medication. They are still prized as properly graded herbs, but to reach a similar effect you will need much higher dosages, upping the profits. This practice is what herbal medicine is known for about a thousand years or more. As I believe medicine of any sorts should always be guided by service and not by profitability. Every company in healthcare running a profit or having space for bonusses should become nationalized for the reason that they endanger public health. That includes chemical medicine makers in east and west.
The second scandal is about how in Chinese hospitals herbal concoctions are prepared. For many concoctions a simmering of one or more hours is required to generate the potency of the medication. Due to reasons of cost-effectiveness and lack of time too often the concoctions get bolied for only ten minutes. As a consequence the brews are less effective which keeps people longer on medication and paying for hospital beds.
If you think only western medical institutes scam their costumers, think twice. scamming seems to be the trend in many industries and countries these years, not only in insurence companies and banks we find these. The political need to make all financial dealings accountable leads to too often irresponsible behaviors in many branches of industry and service as to up the profits. That is capitalism for you.
We have recently updated some of our research pages to benefit our students and costumers, press and witers. Also as part of outcomes of our participation in research in educational ethical codes on behalf of the leonardus program of the European Union. please investigate these pages and if you feel like participation in researcdh let us know. all our instructors are part of the investigation that is ongoing to finetune outcomes every few years.
Students are currently completing the formation of the student council. The Academy of Health is the first Holist university program where students can contribute to the growth of their learning organisation through their own contributions and intiatives. This is a very welcome contribution because it finalizes the proces preceding official accreditation. At this moment we are finalizing the acreditation application textbook for the nederlands-Vlaamse Acreditatie Orgaan. It is nice to underscore this through opening of learning locations in Amstelveen, Breda and Antwerpen.
Another news is the preparation for opening the Temple Tree Program that was intended for Wudang area might find a better housing in a Daoist monastic university south of Beijing. Please keep yourself informed. sign up today for the newsletter or get convinced to support our program by coming to study, online or on site!
The ten Wudang Daoist skills of the Oriental College
Today while looking for details of the news I hear from my brothers about wudang shan I come across our old domain address www.wudang.eu. I lost the domain due to the fraudulent malversations of our former business partner and webmaster. The site is now run by a group of shaolin affiliated people. Some of their students have already thought I studied there too, but I have not. I will not bother you with too much of the internal politics of Wudang. I might get into trouble. It is not worth it, but the situation reflects the current cultural crisis China is facing due to its strict appreciation of capitalism.
Wudang Daoism is not just a religion, but it is a religion that refers not only heaven and earth and the many gods and immortals keeping up its existence, but it also provides many practical tools such as Wudang health fitness, where life extension all the way towards immortality is both its aim and departure point, inherited within the family like organisations of pai. In this community desciples developed a variety of traditional Chinese Life practicing methods raising the qi, practices to build the formation of our body’s multi-channel system, while working at the many levels of one’s health systematically. In our Daoland healthcare project we have subdivided the wudang fitness into wudang fitness I-IV and Wudang Yoga/daoyin I-II, wudang self-massage and wudang taiji 13 proper. In our Oriental College program itself we go ofcourse a few steps further when people want to learn yangsheng and Chinese medicine. The below is short lifting of our cookbook.
In the Yuan Dynasty the spread of health cultivation methods have diversified in roughly a three thousand schools and methods. The Daocang encyclopedia documents about 200 methods. When summarizing we can say that they can be subdivided roughly in the following categories in our program:
1, the guiding massage class
This category is based on fitness and strength exercises for the purpose of dynamic power, including guiding method of acupuncture, awakening and vitalizing massage techniques, knocking teeth method, skull drum tapping, dragons working the land through dry hair, rub the ear against the head, rub the soles of the feet, carry the outside the kidney, sit and launch standing posture play, flapping the limbs etc. the purpose is to activate and shake the whole body and limbs awake. These exercises are belonging to the category of wake-up drills.
2, the breathing kongqi line class
The refinement of such exercise is based on breathe through natural gateways to finetune bodily functions, as to achieve clarity and fullness of self-experience, become light footed and nimble, longevity results and develop oneself as a frugal altruistic person. Such methods include qi production, refresh qi, breathing and mood transformation, discipline qi, develop kongqi into substance, fetal breathing, pranayama, Tao Hongjing’s six breath secrets and so on. Roughly grouped we can call them: internalizing kong, swallowing kong to produce substance and strength, kept thinking concentrated, to mobilize qi in the four limbs and twenty mountains. In classes on spirituality, professional ethics, apprenticeship and professional application we often root in these disciplines.
3, ideas and theory practicing class
Chinese Daoist Qigong contains neidan “inner alchemy” to develop oneself as a worthy of the one and only dao. “Qi” is since long known and described as a wonderful tree. There are no fixed concepts to do so, meaning shifts depending on the level of practice to keep the mind open and quick. These methods come down to nothing more than to practice ideas, such as “inner alchemy wheel rotation”, “breathing qi line”, “practice of three dan”. They are the root practices for every apprentice at the IOC. These classes deeply illustrate the value of extensive theoretical study in Chinese medicine and gongfu.
4, neidan wheel rotation class
This class of practices refers to to the production of Innate Manner “medicine”, which is the reformation of chemical habits and processes of the body. It transforms the normal entropy based chemistry into a perpetuum mobile chemistry of continuous refinement and detaillism. It is also called the “body refining Dan (egg)” system of cultivation methods. In all there are asome 24 methods of wheel rotation practice, of which the circulation through du and renmai already knows 12 methods. In Daoism this constellation of practices is often referred to as the most well-proven method, called the Daoist qigong representating essence. They all root in natural self-preservation principles of the body and its parts. It is being trained well in the anatomical lectures of the oriental college.
5, Bigu food discipline or refraining from eating grain Fasting class
bigu “obstructing grain” is dietary discipline. It is interwoven with most of the other practices. The ideal is that one learns to eat properly, learns to understand the function of eating and that over time, even the long valley and five zhang do not need to eat fresh vegetables or grain other than ingested though smell, taste and touch. The dietary courses lay the groundwork for these skills, but in all classes attention will be given to these subjects at some point.
6, Tonic nourishing and ingestion classes
Such regimen in cultivation methods, also known as “ingestation methods” are what has become of waidan practice. Instead of making medicnes in itself the integration of medicine making and neidan internalized process is aimed for. Many kinds of materials from plant, animal to stone are being used in this process and it lays the foundation to therapeutic herbalism too. One cannot keep up such a profession or leaqrning without going through that skill. Daoist ingetive methods and other food service do promote Tempered longevity results, when taken properly. You learn things like taking the right amount of jujube, fungus, flax, five classes of skin, Poria, Chinese wolfberry, turpentine, Schisandra, ginseng, dry yellow, etc. which all have some tonic effect.
7, bedroom health class
Chinese medicine also has a focus on the sex life of men and women, it is called bedroom practicing method. Sexuality is not left to accidental development. It is deeply ingrained with tantric practices, fertility, childbirth, potency, childrearing etc. The ancients believed that “the matter of the bedroom can be shared with a stranger, but also can be used to kill”, so paying more attention to the bedroom practices is important in Chinese medicine and Daoist health research. Studies revolve around “Yang Jing, solid essence,refining treasure”. It involves process, exploration, exploitation, building and constructing, be without leaks, make the refined qi enter upstream to the brain. The specific method are “lying alone method,” “Royal Women method”, “mining tactics”, “fill mining technique”, “Four Seasons abstinence Law,” “Praying techniques”, “bedroom taboo” and so on. These bedroom with more than a dozen of methods can be applied in remedial trauma, attack and cure various diseases, or mining yin yang, gain in longevity.
8, living like regimen
involving behavior, walking, daily life, food, language, emotional and other aspects of miscellaneous repair of the law, that is, living regimen class practice law, is a profound, snare exhaustive. It includes four o’clock nursed France, emotional tone photo France, diet to restore law, living nursed back to health law.
9, fragrant soup bath classes
In extension of herbal and food ingestion methods Daoist cultivation alsonprovides techniques for washing and bathing that is not generally known to the outside world. The so-called “sweet soup” is transferred to a variety of fragrant spices in warm bath water. Fragrant soup is not only the role of bath body wash, wash away dirt and greasy, and also lies with the body wash dirt inspired influence, in turn play a role in heart clean. It goes a few steps further in its use than western fragrance therapies that only rely on fragrance or odeurs. It includes sensual touch, massage, soaking and so on.
Top five kinds of fragrant soup bath fragrant soup. According to Daoist esoteric medicine , there is evil living inside us in the form of three worms. These worms are allergic to fine smells, they grow under the influence of dirty smells like tobacco, drugs, alcohol, perfumes, smear etc. which all contribute to early three forms of death.
10, fingerpointing spell class
Daoist most esoteric practice is called recipy writing, which is a form of exorcism or belongs to the skill of exorcism. even if a spell just relates to herbs or dirts as part of a recipy it still commands the ghosts of the substances to work for the clinicician. We offer these skills as part of food and herbal studies and as part of qigong and taijiquan studies because they are traditional but forgotten elements of study in most study programs. Mostly they are not even mentioned so then old methods are only partly transmitted. In this study not only herbal and spiritual lore is important but also mudra’s, sound qigong, ritual singing etc. Approximately there are three forms: the first is verse, the second is no rhyme phrases, and the third from the Buddhist mantra.
Daoism in practice uses multi-purpose spells, especially in keeping the mind focused or in keeping the kongqi in check and so on. According to daoist medicine all health is acted and so is all disease. Therefore education and behavioral change are essential in all forms of therapeutic application. We do our best to offer our students proper insight into their profession by not excluding them from their studies as to keep Chinese medicine and gongfu part of living traditions, not only as a fossil kept alive in books or by people who are just into it for the business. As you know, Chinese traditional medicine ethics states that “a doctor who doesn’t eat his own medicine and who can afford a new horse is not a good doctor”. Medicine should not be a business but a dedication. Being successful should come to the benefit of lowering prices.
Why a code of ethics is important in CAM and what was already done in Europe in this field?
Including an opinion as to what should be main outcome of the project.
1) Why a code of ethics is important in CAM
Currently CAM and lower to higher education in Chinese medicines and healthcare are seen as peripheral in regard to their legal status. This allows legal and moral issues to be solved only along the needs set out by common law for methods and science originating from western common medicine’s recent history and not taking into account the particulars of natural and cultural medicines such as Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine and healthcare. It also means that these medicines cannot fully contribute to modern societies and the healthcare crisis that is being witnessed due to rising costs.
From a multi and transcultural perspective Chinese medicines and healthcare cannot be discriminated by means of judging them on that foundation, it should include its own judgment system as well. On these grounds, they should be validated on their own merits as well as those in which they show their validity in modern society.
Chinese medicine is historical both curative, caring as well as morally educational, and its values can lead to innovation in regular healthcare when properly investigated and applied. Therefore its roots (ethics) should be investigated and used to create a code of conduct, code of ethics etc for both therapeutic, organizational and educational purposes.
2) What is already done in Europe in this field?
So far little has been done. Existing codes of conduct and ethics in Chinese medicine in Europe are mostly based on codes of ethics in medicine, and especially at the level of nursery and wellness and developed by professional organizations but hold no reference to actual Chinese medicine typicals. National and cross border organizations are caught in dilemmas between western biological and esoteric interpretations of Chinese medicine, Chinese Dialectical interpretations and classical textual suggestions. A code of ethics therefore has to provide a wide variety of interest groups that each have their own investments in how medicine should be practiced or thought. The international oriental college has been involved with codes of ethics in Chinese medicine since 2001.
3) What should be main outcome of the project
Developing a proper code of ethics can pave the way for well regulated education as well as developing a satisfying professional and legal status for Chinese medicine and healthcare in Europe as an independent market, innovative contributor and work sector.
Outcome should fit to local politics as well as EU recommendations. Outcome should show a unified vision applicable to any EU state member political body. Hence we can identify the following grouping of outcomes:
1) Outcomes relevant to the professional group and intellectual or cultural heritage
2) Outcomes relevant to client users
3) Outcomes that will lead to innovation or development underpinning validation for the professions
4) Outcomes in accordance with local laws and customs
5) Outcomes in accordance with EU regulations
6) Outcomes relevant to other interest groups
4) Topics that need addressing in the code:
a- What defines a medicine as an independent science
b- What are the rules of conduct historically part of the science in its original culture
c- What is the scientific foundation of the medicine
d- What are its tools
e- What is its historically acceptable education method and where does it differ from modern education, how should essentials be protected
f- What are the ideas on health and disease in relationship to modern health laws
g- What are its treatment goals and how should they be made fit to modern society
h- What are its traditional sanctions on transgressing the code
i- What is required to make it fit in modern society
j- What requirements we might require from education
k- What requirements we may require from professional organizations
l- What requirements we may require from professionals
m- What expertise may be required
n- What limitations should be set on financial reward
p- How should bedside manners be regulated
q- How should treatment administration be regulated
r- How can schools, therapists and teachers be held accountable
s- How should post grad education be regulated in relationship to lifelong learning principles
t- Other aspects
Reading list to introduce yourself with the topic
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Complementary_and_Natural_Healthcare_Council this site gives a general suggestion for why codes of ethics
non of these codes take in consideration codes belonging to specific methods, such as Ayurveda, Chinese medicine etc who take with them their own ethical background that should be included in any modern code of ethics.
advise to buy this as a group and share among ourselves:
An investigation should be done in the EU databases on:
- prepared materials
- established regulations or suggestions
If someone maps out the locations for where to find it I am willing to dig into it. It requires a lot of reading. Like preparing this page did.
In September we offer a course which deals with food, diets and how to eat and asses foods. It can be followed as a standalone course, but also in combination with a second module which includes cooking and how to prepare foods and teas and leads to a certificate of dietary adviser.
Herbal knowledge starts with knowing foods; this is what every serious tradition tells you. But not just know it from lists, but from experience, because every person is different, so the influence and even the calorie-count for everybody is different. Learn to compose a healthy meal that will help you most, and learn to help others do the same.
Also introduction to herbal course.
The food and diet-course is also the first module of our herbal course, which you can follow in 1 year or if you want the alchemist tradition included in 3-4 years.
Start this Monday at 10 a.m. After that 3-4 more days follow in September. If you subscribe to the two modules at one time you get a discount of 100 euro’s. Embedded in the alchemical herbal education it is even cheaper. Price per module is €400,–, for two modules €700,–. (next module in the spring of 2014). Ask for more information on email@example.com.
In the context of our herbal studies program I will pay extra attention to the philosophical background of herbal learning. At the moment there is a growth of courses in herbal medicine, also in TCM. I will not mention any autors or specific programs, but most of these programs are quite devoid of anything truly historically valid. They are textbook based and try to adapt to modern chemical science. But it is in the nature of Chinese traditional fytotherapies to reveal their complexities through direct identification with herb and herbal practice. Herbal studies are not textbook based, they are substance based. A herbalist is primarily an alchemist in the tradition of Shennong.
The below translation of the fragment of the alchemical text ‘awakening to the truth’ reveals more than most of these textbooks or courses. In herbal medicine three things are elementary:
Our International oriental College (IOC) program for future herbologists ofcourse has all these elements. the course starts from day one with apprenticeships becasue it is purely practice based. We also add to that the ethics to not make herbology a profit based business like modern chemistry turns profits and quite a few herb importers try too. We therefore help students seek kichen based alternatives for their clients to also contribute to deeper undertstanding of actual qualites of plants and minerals. We do not exclude western chemistry, but we give it place as a minor, as it is only of minor importance in clinical practice. What is important though is to put herbology in the context of alchemy. Ofcourse IOC aims to be a storehouse of Tao Hhongjing expertise. We offer all kinds of collated Daoist techniques going back to Tao and Tao is the main root for Herbal history. No Chinese fythotherapy can be understood outside the con text of his work. Irony: we do not find it back other than as a footnote in most studies.
I hope this series will give you much pleasure and will be helpful to your progress. For questions, please follow our IOC program or sign up for one of the online courses! The article derscribes some root issues in Alchemy as a foundation for modern herbal studies. It also as a series aims to put herbal studies and clincial practice in the context of personal development, self cultivation and realisation of the tcm ideal of healthy life, meaning: achieving immortality. Herbologists therefore aim to do clincial practice to improve their personal chance for immortality.
What is Dan Dao ?
Yao-ingestable has qi caught in its fragrant image/quality,
dao naturally so cannot be heard or seen,
Ingest the one pellet of lingdan (numinous/miraculous Elixir) andswallow it with the fu-organs,
Begin to know that your destiny/life does not depend on Heaven.
Awakening to the truth, alchemical treatise
1 Dan Dao Histories
Dan Dao, this term is derived from the principles of external Dan Dao, or alchemy of ingestibles, the root of modern TCM phyto therapies and food regimens. Dan Dao means literally ‘Dao of egg’. I leave Dao untranslated because translation does do short to its meaning.
Mostly we speak of the nine steps to generate the Dan, but actually these practiced tactics are not a strong classification of points, it serves illustrative purposes only. Dan refers to the process of refining cinnabar into gold, and its official history began in the Eastern Han Dynasty, its written sources being “Dan Tong Qi” and “Huangdi jiuding Dan Jing”. Dao Xuan and Shangguang Hong Ming Interpretated Dan as: “Burning Dan to turn it into mercury, but turning mercury also into Dan, Dan takes twenty years of rtefinement.” This explanation is correct and scientifically verifiable, and can be written in the modern chemical reaction formula: HgS + O2 → Hg + SO2 ; Hg + S → HgS . Red cinnabar (mercury sulfide ) can be processed into bright silver mercury through interconversion, which wonderful, dazzling appearance fascinated the ancients and through which they could not help but think that it is the elixir of longevity given to the world. Therefore, ” nine steps to generate the Dan ” was originally derived from externam Dan practice studies. We see involvement of Ge Hong, “Bao Pu”, suggests the term ” nine steps to generate the Dan,” that is, nine times turning the process “too generate pure Dan”, which is nowadays often taken to be an early attempt to repeated extraction of natural mineral in chemical process following the desire to achieve immortality. However, China’s attempts to achieve long life in this way ended mostly during the Tang Dynasty, it is the periodof decline in believe in external solutions, because not the first of emperors since ancient times died due to poisoning as a result of ingesting external dan, such as including , Emperor Xian Zong, Tangmu, Tang Wuzong, Tang Xuanzong, etc.. With the nobility taking to sudden death, alchemy tended towards decline gradually, but desire for external Dan alchemy transferred. And a this is partly due to ”alchemical nine steps to generate the Dan ” by the Tang Dynasty monk Lǔ.
Dan Dao Evolution
Dan was formerly known waidan alchemy. Daoist alchemy in order to avoid confusion named, or better: renamed it as outside Dan (waidan). This name is based on use of the furnace processing of mineral drugs into the preparation of “immortality” elixir of an experimental alchemy. Cinnabar (ie, cinnabar, also known as mercury sulfide HgS ) and mercury ( Hg , ie mercury) are important raw material alchemical ingredients. Its roots go far back to the Warring States Period, where folk cinnabar mining helped miners to get rich. Han dynasty produced a book, “Shen Nong’s Herbal Classic” by Tao Hongjing that described top grade cinnabar drug, known for its ability to be turned into mercury (decomposition into mercury); the processing of mercury in products for the drug, made its melting proces complex to produce Dan (reducible mercury sulfide). During Qin and Han dynasties, China’s metal smelting technology has been further developed, but also provides the experience of use of medicinal mineral class of drugs to cure disease, we can see that China’s mineral alchemy latest during the Qin dynasty was developed.
External Dan work, is represented in the work called “thirty-six Laws of Water “, this is an early important document on the alchemical use of water, written by Shang Youcheng in the late Western Han. It is the opening of the “Huangdi jiuding Shendan jing” (Book of the Divine Elixirs of the Nine Tripods of the Yellow Emperor) volume and the “too pure gold liquid Shen-awareness Dan Sutra “in three volumes.
The shendang jing holds that, one can achieve longevity by nothing except divine elixir and gold liquid. The Art of Breathing, Daoyin gymnastics, and grass medicines can help in prolonging lifespan but not in achieving immortality. The shendang jing describes the aspiring life-saver as only able to take “the day phase Bi”, but it also records alchemical precautions. Consumption of golden elixir can save man and help to transcend mortality. The book lists many alchemical ways, such as blackish yellow way ( 玄黃法 Xuanhuang Fa ), way of elixir sublimation ( 丹華法 Danhua Fa ), Way of divine talisman ( 神符法 Shenfu Fa ), way of elixir reversion ( 還丹法 Huandan Fa ), way of elixir dietetics ( 餌丹法 Er’dan Fa ), Way of elixir refining ( 煉丹法 Liandan Fa ), way of elixir softening ( 柔丹法 Roudan Fa ), way of elixir subsiding ( 伏丹法 Fudan Fa ), and way of elixir cooling ( 寒丹法 Handan Fa ). The book proposes that it is necessary for one to learn formulae from a true teacher to refine the elixir, and proves this with recitations form Hu Gangzi. The contents about “preserving shen-awareness and protecting the body from evil souls” in Vol. 4 and “the necessity of favorable conditions and financial support for the success of elixir refining” in Vol. 5 are very similar to those about taboos and protections for entering mountains in Entering Mountains, Baopuzi. The book tells much about concrete processing of many kinds of medicinal substances, such as mercury, cinnabar and realgar. Collected in Skills Class, Pervasive Divinity Section, Daoist Canon of Zhengtong Era, the book is valuable for the study of Daoist outer alchemy and ancient Chinese technology mostly.
It’s famous Daoist alchemist Ge Hong mentions in “false self-seeking in solid foreign objects,” that the theory of the formation saver has an important consequence. The latter reflects the early alchemy in both Fire Water Act and the inner support combined with the characteristics of the external work, which as a “frost law” is a synthetic product mercurous chloride (calomel Hg2Cl2 ) according to the earliest literature.
Daoism was founded and forged by the hands of priests from the alchemists inherited legacy of preparation “immortality” medicine as an alchemical need, but was by them developed into sets of secret experimental techniques. Although the “immortality” of subjective desire failed to be achieved, in more than a thousand years of practice they accumulated a lot of ancient knowledge of chemistry. Eight century, China’s alchemy travelled into Europe via Arabia, became the precursor of modern chemistry. It produced the progenitor of modern medicine (Paracelsus) and the laws of thermodynamics described by the alchemist Isaak Newton. In China the Han and Jin dynasties were the apex of alchemical of discovery. The late Eastern Han Wei Boyang essays, “Can Tong Qi”, summed up the past achievements of alchemy. Such as those on the chemical stability of gold, mercury, volatile, and easily with sulfur compounds, Hu powder (lead oxide) and the case of carbon ( C ) can be reduced to form lead. From the history of the world chemical point of view, Wei Boyang actually is the world’s foremost alchemists.
About the same time with the alchemists Gehong Hu Shan (fox hill), the “nine turn minimum Law” is the preparation of red lead ( Pb3O4 ) according to the earliest literature, but it also understands and realize the existence of chemically reversible reaction. His “gall stone refining essence Law”, with the dry distillation method from gall stones ( CuNSO4 · 5H2O ) sulfuric acid extraction ( H2SO4 ), more than eight centuries before in the Arab States developed the preparation of sulfuric acid. Shige Hong Jin Tao alchemy achievements are epitomized in the “Bao Pu Zu neipian (within Chapters)”. He summed up the water laws in the alchemy as the metal replacement phenomenon; documented arsenic compounds extracted from elemental arsenic approach. Although he failed to make this product a qualitative description of the relevant form, but his methods really are more consistent than the ones that in Western countries only became recognized by the earliest inventor 13 -century Germanic alchemist Magnus Roos nine hundred years later! History is full of examples where transcultural learning is essential to find opportunities in new development. No research result is ever to be fully discarded as no longer relevant.
The study of Dandao external elixir is interesting because in this time we see the upsurge from new waidandao practices in the hope elixir of immortality can be produced. Unfortunately dandao is ruled by the laws of unforeseen consequences. Immortal life is an organic whole, not an inorganic stable chemical process. We see this in the result of people getting older: the consequences of longer life means we bump into unforeseen barriers, such as the failure of the kidneys to keep the body cells in check. This theory is older than genetic theory ofcourse, but its implications are similar. It means that if the body is not controlled continuously misgrowth of cells and tissues happens, resulting in wild flesh, tumors, incurable infections, overheating of the heart, brain heamorage and other intense effects. For this we can disprove the shendan jing. Daoyin and breathing exercise, self-massage and acupoint manipulation certainly can control the alchemical process by regulating temperature, pressure, valves and flow in the body. The Daoland program already provides some aspects of that proof when we see elderly people exercise power with their body impossible for many 25 year olds, or when you yourself reduce body heat trapped in the collaterals through wudang yoga stretches and learning the relaxation reflex and the proper attention for the body as also proposed in Svatmamara’s alchemical mix of hatha and raja yogic practice from India that was highly influential on Chinese daoyin development in both Daoism and all forms of Mahayana Buddhism.